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The Future of Forensic Dna Testing : Predictions of the Research and Development Working Group

By Asplen, Christopher H.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000662239
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size:
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: The Future of Forensic Dna Testing : Predictions of the Research and Development Working Group  
Author: Asplen, Christopher H.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Law., Law & economy, Litigation and arbitration
Collections: Law Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Department of Justice

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Asplen, C. H. (n.d.). The Future of Forensic Dna Testing : Predictions of the Research and Development Working Group. Retrieved from http://www.gejl.org/


Description
Legal Reference Publication

Excerpt
Preface: The Research and Development Working Group was organized following a meeting of a planning panel on November 21, 1997. Starting early in 1998, the group has had several meetings and numerous exchanges by letter, e-mail, and telephone, and has arrived at a consensus regarding most of the items in this report. When there are differences, the alternatives are given. Likewise, we have tried to present the main alternative viewpoints of practitioners and observers in the field. The report is divided into a summary and two main sections. The first of these, ?Technology, Present and Future,? is in nontechnical language and intended for a general readership. The second, ?Appendix, Technical Summaries,? is for those who want more details. These are followed by references, a list of abbreviations and acronyms, and a glossary. Our specific assignment is to predict as well as we can where the technology will be in 5 years and in 10 years; we have included a 2-year projection. Our object has been to foresee what will happen, rather than to attempt to influence events. Therefore, the greatest use of our report should be for planning purposes. Nevertheless, several issues with legal and social implications arose in the meetings and were sometimes discussed. We do not take a position on these issues, but we do call them to the attention of others, including the National Commission on the Future of DNA Evidence.

Table of Contents
Contents Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii National Commission on the Future of DNA Evidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v I. Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1. Past and Present Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2. Technology Projections for 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3. Technology Projections for 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 4. Technology Projections for 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5. Statistical and Population Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 6. Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 II. Technology, Present and Future . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2. Biological Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3. History, Before 1985 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4. The VNTR (RFLP) Period, 1985?1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 5. Current Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 6. CODIS (Combined DNA Index System) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 7. Statistical and Population Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 a. Statistical Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 b. Population Genetics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 c. Partial Matches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 d. Individualization (?Uniqueness?) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 e. Suspect Identified by Database Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 f. Looking to the Future . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 8. Technology Projections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 a. Technology Projections for 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 b. Technology Projections for 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 c. Technology Projections for 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 d. Summarizing Charts: Chronological Projections of Technology and Population Advances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

 
 



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